According to the recent researches made by Grace Forrest, the co-founder of an Australian based foundation, following types of modern slavery are existing in India:
- Inter-generational bonded labor
- Commercial sexual exploitation
- Forced child labor
- Forced to beg
- Forced recruitment into non-state armed groups
- Forced marriage
According to survey, modern slavery percentage:
Globally: 45.8 million
India, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Uzbekistan:26.56 million (58% of the global modern slavery)
The foundation said that the Gallup survey was done across the 15 states covering nearly 80% of the Indian population. The report made the Centre unveiling a draft bill speaking about the punishment for the gangs who are involved in human trafficking and the scrutiny of placement agencies that forces many children into the prostitution and the bonded labor.
Gangs have continued trapping people from the rural areas and forcing them into labor, giving them a hope of a better job, though on paper it has been abolished in 1976, in India. Proposals have recently been cleared by the Cabinet, “ addressing new forms of bondage like to organize the rings to beg, child labor and the prostitution.”
The Nobel Laureate Kailash Satyarthi, who runs a campaign Bachpan Bachao Andolan against the Child Labor has repeatedly reported the issue to frame a policy for the private employers to keep a check on the bonded labor in the supply chain.
On Monday, the organization said the true effect will come from the bill from the law enforcement agencies when:
- Ensuring time-bound prosecution
- Ensuring rehabilitation
- Fixed accountability
- Stringent monitoring parameters
The survey came up with the case studies to highlight the individual cases and covering the social and economical causes as well acting behind them.
- As per the statement of a woman, “This is an old disease in the village that if you are not able to pay off the debts, then you have to work as a bonded labor in the field of a powerful person. My husband was employed at a distant place from the village so that it becomes impossible for him to run away.”
- One more, where the woman says. “She was never paid her wages on time and when talking about debt, she was made the victim of sexual harassment at work place”
The trafficking of women has resulted into forced marriages according to the skewed sex ratio in some parts of India.